Applications of nanotechnology in membrane distillation: a review study

This study investigates several factors affecting the performance of the Membrane distillation membrane such as fouling, porosity, pore size, mechanical stability, contact angle, salt rejection, and other physical and thermal properties

Mamdouh El Haj Assad

2020

Scholarcy highlights

  • Membrane distillation is an effective water treatment process with relatively low cost compared to conventional membrane processes
  • This study investigates several factors affecting the performance of the MD membrane such as fouling, porosity, pore size, mechanical stability, contact angle, salt rejection, and other physical and thermal properties
  • This work presents a review of the application of recently discovered nanotechnology that improves the properties and enhances the performance of membranes used in water distillation processes
  • The use of nanotechnology helps in making membranes less susceptible to fouling and compaction which results in more permeate flux
  • This study describes the use of scanning electron microscopy as a membrane characterization method and discusses the performance of MD under different operating conditions for the fabricated membranes by using nanotechnology applications
  • Due to the need for continuous improvement in membrane processes for water distillation and water treatment, the optimization of membrane performance and the parameters affecting this performance should be investigated

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