Exploring Factors Contributing to Recidivism: The Case of Dessie and Woldiya Correctional Centers

The primary objective of this study is to explore the contributing factors for recidivism in Dessie and Woldia correctional centers, North East Ethiopia

Goche Tegeng; Hayelom Abadi


Scholarcy highlights

  • Recidivism is “one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice” and relevant in understanding the core functions of the criminal justice system such as incapacitation, deterrence, and rehabilitation
  • This study closely examines the factors causing inmates to reoffend, the most common crimes committed by recidivists, lived and post prison experiences of the prisoners, and the rehabilitation and reintegration services offered by the prison centers and governmental organizations to reintegrate the recidivists socially and economically to their home community upon release
  • The most common types of crimes committed by recidivists were theft and assault and most of the recidivists were convicted by the same crime at the second, third and fourth time
  • The findings of this study reveals that the main contributing factors for recidivism were economic problems like poverty, lack of income, unemployment and poor living conditions, because this study found that most of the prisoners do not have job and enough income before and after imprisonment
  • The current study indicates those psychological problems and labeling, discrimination and marginalization, false witness and peer pressure are the main causes of re-offending
  • Lack of classification and over overcrowding of correctional centers, lack of adequate rehabilitation and reintegration services are other factors contributing for recidivism

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