A time-series analysis of the relationship between urban layout and automobile reliance: have cities shifted to integration of land use and transport?

The results show an increase of low-density cities, in which residents are consuming much automobile fuel, implying that cities of dispersed type are increasing

M. Taniguchi; R. Matsunaka; K. Nakamichi


Scholarcy highlights

  • Increased CO2 emissions from transportation modes are especially conspicuous, especially in economically developed countries
  • This study is intended to identify the change in the relationship between automobile usage and urban layout factors, population density, for the purpose of suggesting measures for land use and transport integration
  • Newman and Kenworthy examined the relationship between population density and gasoline consumption
  • No city type shows a decrease in the amount of per-capita automobile CO2 emissions from 1987–2005
  • Efforts to reduce the amount of automobile CO2 emissions, especially in local cities, are necessary in the future through integration of land use planning and transport planning
  • Results described in this paper are expected to be useful for European cities because European cities have an urban structure that was formed before the diffusion of automobiles
  • They have much in common with Japanese cities from the viewpoint of urban structure

Need more features? Save interactive summary cards to your Scholarcy Library.