Cross-sectional study of psychiatric comorbidities in patients with atopic dermatitis and nonatopic eczema, urticaria, and psoriasis

We investigated data from 2002 to 2014 for past Atopic dermatitis diagnostic records

Hye-Jin Ahn; Min Kyung Shin; Jong-Kil Seo; Su Jin Jeong; Ah Rang Cho; Sun-Hee Choi; Bark-Lynn Lew

2019

Scholarcy highlights

  • Atopic dermatitis, a common chronic inflammatory skin disease that may persist into adulthood, is associated with intense pruritus, high rates of sleep disturbance, and poor quality-of-life. The prevalence of AD is 15–20% among children, and 1–3% among adults worldwide. Psychological distress is one of the common comorbidities linked to AD, and could negatively affect quality-of-life. Previous large-scale population studies have found an association between AD and mental illnesses. Children with AD in the US had significantly higher prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity submit your manuscript | www.dovepress.com
  • While the results showed that the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder increased in patients with AD, there was no significant difference in autism spectrum disorder
  • Our study investigated the associations between AD and several mental illnesses across all age groups: children, adults, and the elderly
  • AD is a well-known chronic eczema and is often associated with other atopic disorders, such as AC, AR, and asthma, and major depression is known to be one of the main disorders associated with chronic skin disorders
  • A psychiatric epidemiological survey by the Ministry of Health and Welfare found that the lifetime prevalence rate of Korean MDD was 5%, and the period prevalence rate was 1.5% of the total Korean population in 2016.10 We calculated the period prevalence of depression in AD patients to be 2.47%, which was higher than the overall Korean rate
  • Some studies reported that patients with AD have more marked depression than healthy adults, and that patients with more severe AD are more depressed
  • The presence of Atopic dermatitis was associated with higher prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and conduct disorder than nonatopic dermatologic disease

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