International Evidence on the Historical Properties of Business Cycles

We contrast properties of real quantities with those of price levels and stocks of money for ten countries over the last century

David Backus; Patrick J. Kehoe

2019

Scholarcy highlights

  • We contrast properties of real quantities with those of price levels and stocks of money for ten countries over the last century
  • The magnitude of output fluctuations has varied across countries and periods, relations among real quantities have been remarkably uniform
  • Inflation rates are more persistent after World War II than before, and price level fluctuations are typically procyclical before World War II, countercyclical afterward
  • Fluctuations in money are less highly correlated with output in the postwar period, but are no more persistent than in early periods
  • *The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis or the Federal Reserve System

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