Characterization of Sardinella fimbriata and Clarias gariepinus bones

In Malaysia, especially in Terengganu, the production of keropok lekor is over 144 million tons annually

Wan Norasiah Tun Mohd Rosidi; Nurainni Mohd Arshad; Nor Fazliyana Mohtar

2021

Scholarcy highlights

  • In Malaysia, especially in Terengganu, the production of keropok lekor is over 144 million tons annually
  • Previous studies determined that the calcium content of fish bones is high
  • Fish samples Fish bones were collected from the local fish processing industry in Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia, and were brought to the hatchery at Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
  • The protein content of S. fimbriata and C. gariepinus bones was calculated based on the following formulas: N = F x 14 x x) / × 100
  • S. fimbriata bone demonstrated higher solubility compared to the C. gariepinus bone
  • Previous studies have confirmed that bones from low-value species like Sardinella spp. are rich in calcium content; it should be recommended for human consumption either directly or indirectly through the production of calciumenriched nutraceuticals
  • Cytotoxicity testing could be carried out to determine the effect of calcium absorption from the bones of different fish species

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