# Standardization in Action: Achieving Local Universality through Medical Protocols

## Stefan Timmermans

### 2007

We argue that universality is always local universality'

## Highlights

• We argue that universality is always local universality'
• The achievement of local universality depends on how standards manage the tension involved in transforming work practices, while simultaneously being grounded in those practices
• We investigate how this is done in two case studies — an oncology protocol and the Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation protocol
• These protocols are viewed as technoscientific scripts which crystallize multiple trajectories
• We argue that universality is always `local universality'. The achievement of local universality depends on how standards manage the tension involved in transforming work practices, while simultaneously being grounded in those practices