Emotional Expression in Music Performance: Between the Performer's Intention and the Listener's Experience

The performances were first validated by having listeners rating the emotional expression and analysed with regard to their physical characteristics, e.g. tempo, dynamics, timing, and spectrum

Alf Gabrielsson; Patrik N. Juslin

2007

Scholarcy highlights

  • The performances were first validated by having listeners rating the emotional expression and analysed with regard to their physical characteristics, e.g. tempo, dynamics, timing, and spectrum
  • The main findings were that the performer's expressive intention had a marked effect on all analysed variables; the performers showed many similarities as well as individual differences in emotion encoding; listeners were generally successful in decoding the intended expression; and some emotional characters seemed easier to communicate than others
  • The reported results imply that we are unlikely to find performance rules independent of instrument, musical style, performer, or listener

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