From Theory to Intervention: Mapping Theoretically Derived Behavioural Determinants to Behaviour Change Techniques

This paper aims to illustrate methods for developing an extensive list of behaviour change techniques and for linking techniques to theoretical constructs

Susan Michie; Marie Johnston; Jill Francis; Wendy Hardeman; Martin Eccles

2008

Scholarcy highlights

  • Theory provides a helpful basis for designing interventions to change behaviour but offers little guidance on how to do this
  • This paper aims to illustrate methods for developing an extensive list of behaviour change techniques and for linking techniques to theoretical constructs
  • A list of techniques and definitions was generated from techniques published in two systematic reviews, supplemented by “brainstorming” and a systematic search of nine textbooks used in training applied psychologists
  • Four experts judged which techniques would be effective in changing 11 theoretical constructs associated with behaviour change
  • Agreement about the link between the 35 techniques and theoretical constructs was 71.7 per cent of 385 judgments. This preliminary work demonstrates the possibility of developing a comprehensive, reliable taxonomy of techniques linked to theory
  • Further refinement is needed to eliminate redundancies, resolve uncertainties, and complete technique definitions

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