Effects of Ocean Acidification on Benthic Processes, Organisms, and Ecosystems

The benthic environment refers to the region defined by the interface between a body of water and the bottom substrate, including the upper part of the sediments, regardless of the depth and geographical location

Andreas J. Andersson; Fred T. Mackenzie

2020

Scholarcy highlights

  • The benthic environment refers to the region defined by the interface between a body of water and the bottom substrate, including the upper part of the sediments, regardless of the depth and geographical location
  • By integrating our current knowledge on the effects of ocean acidification on major benthic biogeochemical processes, individual benthic organisms, and observed characteristics of benthic environments as a function of seawater carbonate chemistry, it is possible to draw conclusions regarding the response of benthic organisms and ecosystems to a world of increasingly higher atmospheric CO2 levels
  • The fact that there are large-scale geographical and spatial differences in seawater carbonate system chemistry, owing to both natural and anthropogenic processes, provides a powerful means to evaluate the effect of ocean acidification on marine benthic systems
  • There are local and regional environments that experience high-CO2 and low-pH conditions owing to special circumstances such as, for example, volcanic vents, seasonal stratification, and upwelling that may provide important clues to the impacts of ocean acidification on benthic processes, organisms, and ecosystems
  • The objective of this chapter is to provide an overview of the potential consequences of ocean acidification on marine benthic organisms, communities, and ecosystems, and the major biogeochemical processes governing the cycling of carbon in the marine benthic environment, including primary production, respiration, calcification, and CaCO3 dissolution
  • An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 24 May 2022

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