CCD series no-20: high-flux low-energy upgrade of municipal water supplies with 96% recovery for boiler-feed and related applications

This study describes the application of closed circuit desalination as a first pass for boiler-feed supplies with high recovery and low energy from a municipal source comprising the scaling constituents Ca, SO4, SiO2, F, Ba, and Sr in addition to modest amounts of Na and Cl

Z. Gal; J. Septon; Avi Efraty; Ann-Marie Lee

2016

Scholarcy highlights

  • This study describes the application of closed circuit desalination as a first pass for boiler-feed supplies with high recovery and low energy from a municipal source comprising the scaling constituents Ca, SO4, SiO2, F, Ba, and Sr in addition to modest amounts of Na and Cl
  • The module performance results of this study are scalable to larger CCD systems of similar process design

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