Pharmaceuticals in the Environment in Italy: Causes, Occurrence, Effects and Control

The aim of this work is to review the papers dealing with environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals in Italy, with the aim of providing a comprehensive view on a national scale

Ettore Zuccato; Sara Castiglioni; Roberto Fanelli; Giuseppe Reitano; Renzo Bagnati; Chiara Chiabrando; Francesco Pomati; Carlo Rossetti; Davide Calamari

2006

Scholarcy highlights

  • Environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals is an emerging issue
  • The aim of this work is to review the papers dealing with environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals in Italy, with the aim of providing a comprehensive view on a national scale
  • Papers related to environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals in Italy were reviewed, in order to offer a comprehensive view of this subject
  • In vitro and in vivo studies suggest that pharmaceutical principles, taken singularly or in combinations, and concentrations close to those detected in the environment, may have ecotoxicological effects
  • Pharmaceuticals in the environment are becoming a subject of global concern, with potential environmental consequences
  • Further knowledge of the causes, occurrence and effects of drugs as environmental pollutants is necessary for a better understanding of this ecological issue, as well as to improve abatement strategies, and to mitigate subtle environmental consequences

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