Photoluminescent graphene quantum dots for in vivo imaging of apoptotic cells

We report a novel method utilizing the unique photoluminescence properties of plant leaf-derived graphene quantum dots modified with annexin V antibody to form -modified GQDs enabling us to label apoptotic cells in live zebrafish

Prathik Roy; Arun Prakash Periasamy; Chiu-Ya Lin; Guor-Mour Her; Wei-Jane Chiu; Chi-Lin Li; Chia-Lun Shu; Chih-Ching Huang; Chi-Te Liang; Huan-Tsung Chang

2014

Scholarcy highlights

  • Apoptosis is linked to many incurable neurodegenerative, cardiovascular and cancer causing diseases
  • Numerous methods have been developed for imaging apoptotic cells in vitro; there are few methods available for imaging apoptotic cells in live animals
  • The toxicity of the graphene quantum dots has been investigated with the GQDs exhibiting high biocompatibility as they were excreted from the zebrafish's body without affecting its growth significantly at a concentration lower than 2 mg mL−1 over a period of 4 to 72 hour post fertilization
  • The GQDs have further been used to image human breast adenocarcinoma cell line, human cervical cancer cell line, and normal human mammary epithelial cell line. These results are indispensable to further the advance of graphene-based nanomaterials for biomedical applications

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