Microfluidic synthesis of quantum dots and their applications in bio-sensing and bio-imaging

This review mainly focuses on the micro uidic synthesis and applications of different types of Quantum dots, especially of the newly emerged carbon dots and perovskite QDs

Yu Cheng; Si Da Ling; Yuhao Geng; Yundong Wang; Jianhong Xu

2021

Scholarcy highlights

  • Quantum dots have emerged as an innovative material that has attracted great attention in the elds of nanotechnology and nanoscale science
  • Different from macroscopic materials possessing continuous energy levels, QDs are characterized by their discrete energy levels, which lead to their excellent optical
  • This review mainly focuses on the micro uidic synthesis and applications of different types of QDs, especially of the newly emerged carbon dots and perovskite QDs
  • NIR QDs, targeting QDs and nontoxic QDs have been explored to adapt to the biological working environment and conform to the requirements of clinical applications
  • While properties of QDs highly depend on the precise control of reaction conditions, micro uidic devices provide a reliable and multifunctional platform to produce high-quality QDs through precise controlling of the reaction environment and expansibility with extra automation
  • By tuning different reaction parameters in the microreactor, one can modulate and regulate the size and composition of the generated QDs, and modify and/or even functionalize QDs with more complex features in order to meet the requirements of downstream applications
  • By tuning different reaction parameters in the microreactor, one can modulate and regulate the size and composition of the generated Quantum dots, and modify and/or even functionalize QDs with more complex features in order to meet the requirements of downstream applications

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