Charged Carbon Nanomaterials: Redox Chemistries of Fullerenes, Carbon Nanotubes, and Graphenes

This review focuses on the fundamental structural forms: buckminsterfullerene, single-walled carbon nanotubes, and single-layer graphene, describing the generation of their respective charged nanocarbon species, their interactions with solvents, chemical reactivity, specific electronic properties, and emerging applications

Adam J. Clancy; Mustafa K. Bayazit; Stephen A. Hodge; Neal T. Skipper; Christopher A. Howard; Milo S. P. Shaffer

2018

Scholarcy highlights

  • Carbon was classified in three forms: amorphous carbon, graphite, and diamond
  • Whereas C60 and SWCNTs were originally synthesized by laser ablation and arc discharge processes, graphene was originally prepared by the mechanical exfoliation of graphite using the “scotchtape” method
  • Graphite intercalation is commonly performed through electrochemistry, with the graphite intercalation compounds stage determined by the applied potential
  • Charged carbon nanomaterials provide invaluable opportunities to aid the processing of otherwise intractable materials, SWCNTs and graphenes
  • CCNs provide versatile access to a wide range of derivatization chemistries, with minimal damage. These advantages are increasing relevant, as high quality SWCNTs are becoming available at ever-lower costs and in larger quantities
  • While CCN chemistries typically require controlled atmospheres, they are essentially bulk processes, unlike the intensive ultrasound or ultracentrifugation steps otherwise needed for individualization

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