Altitude training for elite endurance athletes: A review for the travel medicine practitioner

This review describes the current understanding of physiological adaptation to high altitude training and its implications for athletic performance

Gerard Flaherty

2016

Scholarcy highlights

  • High altitude training is regarded as an integral component of modern athletic preparation, especially for endurance sports such as middle and long distance running
  • Increased hypoxic stress at altitude facilitates key physiological adaptations within the athlete, which in turn may lead to improvements in sea-level athletic performance
  • This review describes the current understanding of physiological adaptation to high altitude training and its implications for athletic performance
  • Athletes who travel to altitude for training purposes are at risk of suffering the detrimental effects of altitude
  • This review provides an overview of potential problems which an athlete may experience at altitude, and offers specific training recommendations so that these detrimental effects are minimised

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