Removal of sulfonamide antibiotics from water: Evidence of adsorption into an organophilic zeolite Y by its structural modifications

We investigated the adsorption of sulfadiazine, sulfamethazine, and sulfachloropyridazine sulfonamides into a highly dealuminated faujasite zeolite with cage window sizes comparable to sulfonamide dimensions

Ilaria Braschi; Sonia Blasioli; Lara Gigli; Carlo E. Gessa; Alberto Alberti; Annalisa Martucci

2010

Scholarcy highlights

  • Sulfonamide antibiotics are persistent pollutants of aquatic bodies, known to induce high levels of bacterial resistance
  • We investigated the adsorption of sulfadiazine, sulfamethazine, and sulfachloropyridazine sulfonamides into a highly dealuminated faujasite zeolite with cage window sizes comparable to sulfonamide dimensions
  • The maximal amount of sulfonamides adsorbed was 18–26% DW of dry zeolite weight, as evidenced by thermogravimetric analyses and accounted for about one antibiotic molecule per zeolitic cage. The presence of this organic inside the cage was revealed by unit cell parameter variations and structural deformations obtained by X-ray structure analyses carried out using the Rietveld method on exhausted zeolite
  • The most evident deformation effects were the lowering of the Fd-3m real symmetry in the parent zeolite to Fd-3 and the remarkable deformations which occurred in the 12-membered ring cage window after sulfadiazine or sulfachloropyridazine adsorption
  • Zeolite deformation caused a lowering in symmetry up to the monoclinic P2/m space group
  • The effective and irreversible adsorption of sulfonamides into organophylic Y zeolite makes this cheap and environmentally friendly material a suitable candidate for removing sulfonamides from water

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