Chronic amoxicillin exposure affects Labeo rohita: assessment of hematological, ionic compounds, biochemical, and enzymological activities

The results of the present study indicate that amoxicillin could cause significant changes in hematological, ionic levels, biochemical, and enzymological parameters of Labeo rohita, upon chronic exposure

Sathisaran Umamaheswari; Siva Shankar Renuka; Mathan Ramesh; Rama-Krishnan Poopal

2019

Scholarcy highlights

  • Diseases and pharmaceuticals lay parallel to each other
  • When fingerlings were exposed to different concentrations of amoxicillin minor behavioral changes such as fast swimming, movement towards the corners of the tank, and settlement at the bottom of the tank were noticed
  • The results of the present study indicate that amoxicillin could cause significant changes in hematological, ionic levels, biochemical, and enzymological parameters of Labeo rohita, upon chronic exposure
  • The alterations of these parameters could be effectively used as potential biomarkers for the risk assessments of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environments
  • The present study could provide a baseline information on the potential effects of antibiotics on non-target organisms, especially on fish under chronic exposure
  • Further exploration of molecular toxicity studies would provide the better understanding of the amoxicillin action of antibiotics on organisms

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