Probiotics and immunity: A fish perspective

Probiotics are usually live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefits on host

S.K. Nayak

2010

Scholarcy highlights

  • Probiotics are usually live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefits on host
  • The common probiotics that are used for aquaculture practices include Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Leuconostoc, Enterococcus, Carnobacterium, Shewanella, Bacillus, Aeromonas, Vibrio, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Clostridium, and Saccharomyces species
  • Among the numerous health benefits attributed to probiotics, modulation of immune system is one of the most commonly purported benefits of the probiotics and their potency to stimulate the systemic and local immunity under in vitro and in vivo conditions is noteworthy
  • Type, dose and duration of supplementation of probiotics can significantly affect the immunomodulatory activity of probiotics
  • The review is aiming to highlight the immunomodulatory activity of probiotics and to evaluate the factors that regulate for the optimum induction of immune responses in fish

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