Transformational leadership and leader–member exchange in distributed teams: The roles of electronic dependence and team task interdependence

The present study investigates how transformational leaders may develop high-quality leader-member exchange relationships in distributed teams

Sut I Wong; Marthe Nordengen Berntzen

2018

Scholarcy highlights

  • In recent decades, organizations have increasingly employed distributed teams with digital solutions as a means to improve organizational efficiency and effectiveness
  • Electronic dependence was not included in the exploratory factor analysis because the measure of electronic dependence is additive in nature and may not necessarily hold a cohesive factor structure
  • With this research, we examined how the degree of electronic dependence and task interdependence moderated the relationship between transformational leadership and the leader-member exchange relationship in distributed teams
  • Results from Study 1 and Study 2 indicate that transformational leadership was positively related to LMX quality
  • While the results from Study 2 were partially supportive, results from Study 1 support that electronic dependence negatively moderated the relationship between transformational leadership and LMX quality, such that transformational leadership was more positively related to LMX quality when electronic dependence was low than when it was high
  • Our findings from both Study 1 and Study 2 suggest that transformational leadership was most ineffective in building a highquality LMX relationship when electronic dependence and task interdependence were high, as expected
  • To counter the negative effect that high electronic communication dependence has on the relationship between transformational leadership and leader-member exchange quality, leaders should make efforts to ensure that a proper introductory meeting is conducted face-toface at the outset of the teamwork, as early leader–follower interactions are important for subsequent LMX quality

Need more features? Save interactive summary cards to your Scholarcy Library.