Eradication of Anopheles gambiae from Brazil: lessons for malaria control in Africa?

Malaria prevention by killing adult mosquitoes is generally favoured because moderately reducing their longevity can radically suppress community-level transmission

Gerry F Killeen

2002

Scholarcy highlights

  • Malaria prevention by killing adult mosquitoes is generally favoured because moderately reducing their longevity can radically suppress community-level transmission
  • The historically most effective campaign against African vectors is the eradication of accidentally introduced Anopheles gambiae from 54 000 km 2 of largely ideal habitat in northeast Brazil in the 1930s and early 1940s
  • This outstanding success was achieved through an integrated programme but relied overwhelmingly upon larval control
  • This experience was soon repeated in Egypt and another larval control programme successfully suppressed malaria for over 20 years around a Zambian copper mine
  • These affordable approaches were neglected after the advent of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and global malariacontrol policy shifted toward domestic adulticide methods
  • 6. The impact of interventions on mortality and morbidity from malaria

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