Occurrence, fate, and removal of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment: a review of recent research data

The occurrence and fate of pharmaceutically active compounds in the aquatic environment has been recognized as one of the emerging issues in environmental chemistry

Thomas Heberer

2002

Scholarcy highlights

  • The occurrence and fate of pharmaceutically active compounds in the aquatic environment has been recognized as one of the emerging issues in environmental chemistry
  • Several PhACs from various prescription classes have been found at concentrations up to the μg/l-level in sewage influent and effluent samples and in several surface waters located downstream from municipal sewage treatment plants
  • The studies show that some PhACs originating from human therapy are not eliminated completely in the municipal STPs and are, discharged as contaminants into the receiving waters
  • Polar PhACs such as clofibric acid, carbamazepine, primidone or iodinated contrast agents can leach through the subsoil and have been detected in several groundwater samples in Germany
  • Positive findings of PhACs have, been reported in groundwater contaminated by landfill leachates or manufacturing residues
  • Only in a few cases pharmaceutically active compounds have been detected at trace-levels in drinking water samples

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