Urinary incontinence and depression in middle-aged United States women

This was a population-based cross-sectional study of 5701 women who were residents of the United States, aged 50–69 years, and participated in the third interview of the Health and Retirement Study

I Nygaard

2003

Scholarcy highlights

  • This was a population-based cross-sectional study of 5701 women who were residents of the United States, aged 50–69 years, and participated in the third interview of the Health and Retirement Study
  • Depression was ascertained based on criteria set by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, using a short form of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview
  • Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to determine the independent association between incontinence and depression, after adjusting for confounders
  • The association did not hold for depressive symptoms measured by the revised Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale after adjusting for covariates
  • The strength of the association depends on the instrument used to classify depression. This reinforces the need to screen patients presenting for treatment of urinary incontinence for depression

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