Hepatic and muscle expression of thyroid hormone receptors in association with body and muscle growth in large yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena crocea (Richardson)

This study describes the cloning of the partial cDNA sequences of TRα and TRβ in large yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena crocea and the patterns of TRα and TRβ mRNA expression in liver and muscle of 1- and 2-year-old large yellow croaker, associated with changes in body mass and muscle characteristics

Xiaojing Yang; Jingjing Xie; Tianxing Wu; Genhua Yue; Jie Chen; Ruqian Zhao

2007

Scholarcy highlights

  • The role of thyroid hormone and its receptors in the regulation of body growth and muscle accretion is well established in mammals and birds, whereas the involvement of THs and TRs in fish growth, especially during the muscle accretion period of juvenile-adult transition, is unknown
  • This study describes the cloning of the partial cDNA sequences of TRα and TRβ in large yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena crocea and the patterns of TRα and TRβ mRNA expression in liver and muscle of 1- and 2-year-old large yellow croaker, associated with changes in body mass and muscle characteristics
  • Hepatic TRβ mRNA expression was markedly lower in 2-year-old large yellow croaker compared with the 1-year-old, while no significant age difference was observed for hepatic TRα mRNA expression
  • Muscle expression of TRα mRNA was significantly higher in 2-year-old large yellow croaker, whereas TRβ exhibited no significant age difference
  • Average diameters of skeletal muscle in 2-year-old large yellow croaker were remarkably larger than that in 1-year-old with no significant difference in muscle crude fat content
  • The down-regulation of hepatic TRβ expression was associated with the decrease in general growth rate and the increase in muscle expression of TRα was accompanied with muscle accretion and myofiber hypertrophy, implicating the different roles of TRs in the regulation of growth in large yellow croaker

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