Carboxymethylcellulose hydrogels cross-linked with magnetite nanoparticles for the removal of organic and inorganic pollutants from water

Magnetic hydrogels based on carboxymethylcellulose were prepared using magnetite nanoparticles functionalized with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane as cross-linker. In this hybrid organic-inorganic hydrogel, magnetite NPs are covalently bonded to the polymer chains

M. Uva

2017

Scholarcy highlights

  • Magnetic hydrogels based on carboxymethylcellulose were prepared using magnetite nanoparticles functionalized with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane as cross-linker. In this hybrid organic-inorganic hydrogel, magnetite NPs are covalently bonded to the polymer chains
  • The equilibrium swelling degree of the CMC-Fe3O4 hydrogels was measured in deionized water as well as in artificial and natural sea water
  • Bioassays were performed in order to assess the ecosafety of these magnetic hydrogels by testing any potential effect on the growth rate of marine microalgae Dunaliella tertiolecta
  • The capability of the CMC-Fe3O4 hydrogel to adsorb organic and inorganic pollutants was tested on solutions of methylene blue and CdCl2 in deionized and sea water as model systems
  • The adsorption capacity is strongly reduced in sea water, due to the ions in solution which decrease the electrostatic attraction between the carboxylate groups of CMC and the positive charge of MB and Cd(II)

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