Low hepatic 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity and minor alterations in retinoid and thyroid hormone levels in flounder (Platichthys flesus) exposed to the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture, Clophen A50

The effect of the polychlorinated biphenyl mixture Clophen A50 on hepatic cytochrome P4501A1 dependent EROD activity, plasma thyroid hormone levels and plasma, kidney and liver retinoid concentrations of the euryhaline flatfish flounder was determined 2 and 10 days after i.p. injection with 20, 100 and 500 mg Clophen A50/kg body weight

H.T. Besselink; S. van Beusekom; E. Roex; A.D. Vethaak; J.H. Koeman; A. Brouwer

2002

Scholarcy highlights

  • The effect of the polychlorinated biphenyl mixture Clophen A50 on hepatic cytochrome P4501A1 dependent EROD activity, plasma thyroid hormone levels and plasma, kidney and liver retinoid concentrations of the euryhaline flatfish flounder was determined 2 and 10 days after i.p. injection with 20, 100 and 500 mg Clophen A50/kg body weight
  • No effect of Clophen A50 on total cytochrome P450 content in flounder liver was observed at both time points
  • A six-fold, dose-dependent, significant increase in EROD activity was found at exposure day 10 in flounder receiving 100 or 500 mg Clophen A50/kg body weight
  • Plasma retinol concentrations were not altered at both time points after Clophen A50 administration, whereas renal retinol levels showed a minor dose-related increase at day 2 and day 10 of exposure
  • In addition Clophen A50 administration did not result in a dose-related alteration of total T4 concentrations in plasma
  • Total T3 concentrations in plasma were only significantly increased at day 2 after exposure, whereas free T4 concentrations were increased at both time points after Clophen A50 administration
  • These data indicate that with regard to the parameters investigated and in contrast to other fish species studied, the flounder is not a sensitive species to polychlorinated biphenyl exposure

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