A systematic literature review on entrepreneurial intentions: citation, thematic analyses, and research agenda

The purpose and contribution of this paper is to offer a clearer picture of the sub-fields in entrepreneurial intention research, by concentrating on two aspects

Francisco Liñán; Alain Fayolle


Scholarcy highlights

  • The literature on entrepreneurial intentions has rapidly grown since the publishing of the seminal works by Shapero some 30 years ago
  • Two additional papers focus on methodological issues, developing and validating either a complete questionnaire – entrepreneurial intention questionnaire – to measure Theory of Planned Behavior constructs or an EI scale
  • Drawing on suggestions by Krueger, research on EI could make significant progress by striving to improve the understanding of which deep assumptions lie beneath intentions
  • Cross-country analyses have shown the wide applicability of intention models, but much yet needs to be done to fully understand how the context interacts with the person in determining the EI
  • Research has found a high level of intention-behavior correlation – from 0.90 to 0.96 – a meta-analytic review of 185 studies using the theory of planned behavior finds that, on average, behavioral intentions explain 27% of the variance in behavior
  • The main contribution of this paper lies in the categorization or classification of the vast amount of publications focused on EIs over the period 2004-2013 and the identification of some relevant gaps within each of these classifications
  • They differ from those included in the specific intention theme in that these latter papers focus on steps within the general entrepreneurial process

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