Virtual pressure and virtual fugacity in catalysis and electrocatalysis

M. Boudart


The generalized De Donder equation and the generalized Butler-Volmer equation can be used to understand and calculate so-called virtual pressure or virtual fugacity of reactants or products in catalytic and electrocatalytic cycles respectively. This illustrates the usefulness of general relations between kinetics and thermodynamics in sub-fields of catalysis that differ in their methodology


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