Biological Control of Insect Pests for Sustainable Agriculture

Indiscriminate use of agrochemicals for controlling the pests and diseases led to pollution of soil, water, and food sources, poisoning of nontarget beneficial insects, and development of insect population resistant to insecticides

Satyavir S. Sindhu; Anju Sehrawat; Ruchi Sharma; Aakanksha Khandelwal

2018

Scholarcy highlights

  • Indiscriminate use of agrochemicals for controlling the pests and diseases led to pollution of soil, water, and food sources, poisoning of nontarget beneficial insects, and development of insect population resistant to insecticides
  • Microorganisms have been obtained from the rhizosphere of different crop plants that inhibited insect pests by producing toxins, bacteriocins, siderophores, hydrolytic enzymes, and other secondary metabolites
  • Microbial genes involved in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites and enzymes have been cloned and transferred to other microorganisms and plants to enhance the suppression and killing of insects
  • The efficiency of these biocontrol products can be further increased through genetic improvement, manipulation of the soil and plant environment, using mixtures of biocontrol agents, and optimization of formulations and by integration of biocontrol agents with other alternative methods that provide additive and synergistic effects
  • The application of effective biocontrol agents may reduce the use of chemical insecticides and support sustainable agriculture in an eco-friendly manner in tandem with improved crop productivity
  • Scientific works of the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture and Lithuanian University of Agriculture Sodininkystė Ir Daržininkystė 28:249–258

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