Musculoskeletal and Integumentary Systems

Anesthesia and surgery directly affect the musculoskeletal and integumentary systems and expose the patient to potential risks of nerve injury, pressure ulcers, and surgical site infection

Itay Bentov

2017

Scholarcy highlights

  • Anesthesia and surgery directly affect the musculoskeletal and integumentary systems and expose the patient to potential risks of nerve injury, pressure ulcers, and surgical site infection
  • Aging is accompanied by changes to the structure and function of the skin that negatively impact the three stages of incisional wound healing, inflammation, tissue formation, and remodeling, leading to an increased risk of surgical wound infection
  • Surgical wound infection is associated with considerable suffering and leads to an increase in costs, morbidity, and mortality
  • Aging is associated with sarcopenia and osteoarthritis, which are important to recognize in order to reduce the incidence of perioperative pressure ulcers and nerve injuries
  • Practice advisory for the prevention of perioperative peripheral neuropathies: a report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on prevention of perioperative peripheral neuropathies

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