International Classification of Sleep Disorders

Two major sleep classifications include that of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition which includes a section entitled ‘sleep–wake disorders’ and the International Classification of Sleep Disorders third edition of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Michael Thorpy

2017

Scholarcy highlights

  • Two major sleep classifications include that of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition which includes a section entitled ‘sleep–wake disorders’ and the International Classification of Sleep Disorders third edition of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
  • The insomnia category has changed to a single major disorder called chronic insomnia disorder, and a short-term insomnia disorder for symptoms that are present less than 3 months
  • The sleep-related breathing disorders have been expanded into four main sections: obstructive sleep apnea disorders, central sleep apnea disorders, sleep-related hypoventilation disorders, and sleep-related hypoxemia disorder
  • Snoring and catathrenia are regarded as isolated symptoms or normal variants
  • The circadian rhythm disorders are largely unchanged from previous classifications
  • The final section is sleep-related movement disorders section which included restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movement disorder, and sleep-related leg cramps as well as other movement disorders

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