Orbiviruses

The genus Orbivirus has been formed only recently, the type species, bluetongue virus of sheep, as well as African horsesickness virus have been known since the turn of the century. Both of these viruses are important animal pathogens that were originally limited to Africa but have later spread to the Middle East and other continents

D. W. Verwoerd; H. Huismans; B. J. Erasmus

2012

Scholarcy highlights

  • The genus Orbivirus has been formed only recently, the type species, bluetongue virus of sheep, as well as African horsesickness virus have been known since the turn of the century. Both of these viruses are important animal pathogens that were originally limited to Africa but have later spread to the Middle East and other continents
  • Because they were known to be transmitted by insects, both BTV and AHSV were historically classified as arboviruses
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