Acid-Catalyzed Dehydration of Fructose into 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural by Cellulose-Derived Amorphous Carbon

Solid improvement: Cellulose-derived carbon catalysts with SO3H, COOH, and phenolic OH groups are used for the efficient catalytic conversion of fructose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in an ionic liquid

Xinhua Qi; Haixin Guo; Luyang Li; Richard L. Smith

2012

Scholarcy highlights

  • Key Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071Search for more papers by this author
  • Solid improvement: Cellulose-derived carbon catalysts with SO3H, COOH, and phenolic OH groups are used for the efficient catalytic conversion of fructose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in an ionic liquid
  • Carbonaceous solid catalysts with SO3H, COOH, and phenolic OH groups were prepared by incomplete hydrothermal carbonization of cellulose followed by either sulfonation with H2SO4 to give carbonaceous sulfonated solid material or by both chemical activation with KOH and sulfonation to give activated carbonaceous sulfonated solid material
  • The prepared materials were evaluated as catalysts for the dehydration of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride
  • The cellulose-derived catalysts and ionic liquid exhibited constant activity for five successive recycles, and the methods developed provide a renewable strategy for biomass conversion

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