Toward Real Setting Applications of Organic and Perovskite Solar Cells: A Comparative Review

We focus the attention on these two emerging PV technologies, which offer a significant potential for new applications and markets where their advantages and specific properties are fully valued

Mirko Seri; Francesco Mercuri; Giampiero Ruani; Yaomiao Feng; Minzhang Li; Zong-Xiang Xu; Michele Muccini

2021

Scholarcy highlights

  • The goal of an energy transition to fight climate change and its dramatic consequences on the environment are among the biggest challenges of the 21st century
  • The results show that the leveled cost of electricity of a perovskite solar cells module is 0.049, 0.042, and 0.035$ kWh−1 on 12%, 15%, and 20%, respectively
  • We reviewed the recent progress in the development of organic solar cells and PSC technologies in view of their potential in real setting applications
  • The analysis of the basic principles of working mechanisms and architecture, the crucial role of materials design, synthesis, and modeling, and the progress in the translation of laboratory-scale methods toward industrial large-scale production allowed us to outline a comparative assessment of the two main emerging technologies for next-generation solar cells. Both technologies display a wide range of distinct properties, which can be exploited in different application scenarios
  • Rather than deciding a unique winner that would be able to beat the competition in all aspects related to solar energy harvesting, recent research demonstrates that a wide number of applications can profit from the peculiarities of both OSC and PSC technologies, respectively
  • The continuous development and fine optimization of innovative active and functional materials, device structure, processing conditions, and the understanding of film morphology and device physics led to the state-of-the-art polymer solar cells with power conversion efficiency up to 18%, significantly reducing the gap with other emerging PV technologies
  • Still dominated by traditional silicon-based technologies, current research efforts are striving to assess the potential of PSCs as alternative, low-cost, and high-efficiency technologies in the realization of solar cell farms

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