Cellulose: Fascinating Biopolymer and Sustainable Raw Material

This review describes the highlights of the progress made in this area, which has provided a better understanding of the structure of cellulose derivatives, the tailoring of cellulose products, alternative production processes for cellulose regenerates, and new pathways for the formation of supramolecular architectures

Dieter Klemm; Brigitte Heublein; Hans-Peter Fink; Andreas Bohn

2005

Scholarcy highlights

  • The trend toward renewable resources has led to a global renaissance of cellulose research over the past ten years
  • This review describes the highlights of the progress made in this area, which has provided a better understanding of the structure of cellulose derivatives, the tailoring of cellulose products, alternative production processes for cellulose regenerates, and new pathways for the formation of supramolecular architectures
  • Formed by the repeated connection of D-glucose building blocks, the highly functionalized, linear stiff-chain homopolymer is characterized by its hydrophilicity, chirality, biodegradability, broad chemical modifying capacity, and its formation of versatile semicrystalline fiber morphologies
  • In view of the considerable increase in interdisciplinary cellulose research and product development over the past decade worldwide, this paper assembles the current knowledge in the structure and chemistry of cellulose, and in the development of innovative cellulose esters and ethers for coatings, films, membranes, building materials, drilling techniques, pharmaceuticals, and foodstuffs
  • New frontiers, including environmentally friendly cellulose fiber technologies, bacterial cellulose biomaterials, and in-vitro syntheses of cellulose are highlighted together with future aims, strategies, and perspectives of cellulose research and its applications

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