Nutrition support in HIV infection

Nutritional assessment should be individualised according to stage of presentation of human immunodeficiency virus

Alastair Duncan

2018

Scholarcy highlights

  • People unaware of being human immunodeficiency virus positive may remain asymptomatic for some time, presenting late in the course of infection profoundly immunosuppressed
  • Nutritional assessment should be individualised according to stage of presentation of human immunodeficiency virus
  • Suspicion or confirmation of a range of conditions may present during nutritional assessment, such as lipodystrophy, and metabolic side effects; these should be discussed with the multidisciplinary healthcare team at the first opportunity
  • Current clinical practice recommendations suggest that care should be taken to widen any clinical nutritional assessment to account for unemployment or financial hardship, poor mental health, fear, stigma, isolation or loneliness, all of which could lead to reduced or poor-quality nutritional intake

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