Complications and Diffusion

Complications of botulinum toxin injection can be categorized as those caused by an unintended direct pharmacologic effect of the toxin, those caused by improper technique when administering the toxin, and effects secondary to spread of the field effects of the toxin; termed “diffusion” by many clinicians

Matteo C. LoPiccolo; Farhaad R. Riyaz; David M. Ozog

2017

Scholarcy highlights

  • Complications of botulinum toxin injection can be categorized as those caused by an unintended direct pharmacologic effect of the toxin, those caused by improper technique when administering the toxin, and effects secondary to spread of the field effects of the toxin; termed “diffusion” by many clinicians
  • Dilution of toxin and volume of injection may affect the area of toxin effects
  • Most events are transitory in nature and can be managed by the astute clinician

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