State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory

Anger is reflected in facial expressions, muscular tension, and accelerated heart rate, and it differs from rage “only in degree, and there is no marked distinction in their characteristics”

Charles D. Spielberger

2010

Scholarcy highlights

  • In 1872, Darwin observed that anger was a powerful emotion that motivated “animals of all kinds, and their progenitors before them, when attacked or threatened by an enemy, to fight and protect themselves”
  • Anger is reflected in facial expressions, muscular tension, and accelerated heart rate, and it differs from rage “only in degree, and there is no marked distinction in their characteristics”

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