Enjoying Life and Living Longer

This study indicates that one aspect of wellbeing—enjoyment of life—is associated with longer survival in a dose-dependent fashion

Andrew Steptoe


Scholarcy highlights

  • There is accumulating evidence that positive wellbeing is associated with reduced mortality and risk of coronary heart disease and other diseases of older age
  • Compared with the lowest enjoyment group, the age- and sex-adjusted hazard ratio was reduced for all other quartiles in a dose-dependent fashion, so participants in the highest enjoyment quartile had a 57.5% reduced risk of death
  • This was attenuated when demographic factors, baseline health, depression, and health behaviors were taken into account, but in the full model, the highest enjoyment group still showed a hazard ratio of 0.717
  • The public access data set of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between the years 1988 and 1994 was analyzed, and a total of 3884 patients aged 65 years or older with Healthy Eating Index data were included in our study
  • Our study population was stratified into 3 categories according to Healthy Eating Index scores. Mortality data up to December 31, 2006, were analyzed using national linkage records and death certificates

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